A Special Issue in Tourism Geographies
~ Trigger Events & Transformative Moments ~
Destination Path Shaping & Evolutionary Economic Geographies of Tourism
Call for Papers
Background and Aims
In recent years, the study of tourism destination development has been enriched by the adoption of concepts from Evolutionary Economic Geography (EEG), and the aim of this special issue is to further develop the contribution of EEG to tourism geographies. The overarching question it addresses is how EEG can help us understand the role of trigger events and transformative moments in shaping destination development paths. Trigger events could be unexpected shocks, crises or external events that have a negative impact on destination trajectories (natural hazards, terrorist attacks, political conflicts, economic recessions, or a pandemic such as COVID-19). However, they could also include endogenous and selective ‘moments’ (Sanz-Ibáñez, Wilson & Anton Clavé, 2017) that become opportunities for destination upgrading and mindful deviation through policy intervention, the actions of key actors, or the development of collaborative alliances.
There are three main approaches within EEG, all of which are relevant to the study of destination development paths (Brouder, 2017; Meekes, Buda & de Roo, 2017). The first is Generalized Darwinism, which uses concepts such as variation and selection to explain why some economic activities expand while others fail. The second approach draws on complexity theory, applying concepts such as self-organisation, non-linearity and complex adaptive systems (Halkier & James, 2017; Tsao & Ni, 2016). The third approach adopts path metaphors and associated ideas, such as path dependence, path creation, path plasticity, adaptation, reorientation, and resilience (Brouder & Eriksen, 2013; Brouder et al, 2017; Ma & Hassink, 2014). The last two approaches, in particular, have been developed within the field of tourism geographies, including studies of mindful deviation and path branching within tourism destinations (Gill & Williams, 2014; Halkier et al 2019; Brouder, 2020), and the use of complexity theory to explore multi-scalar processes of emergence in tourism development (Meekes, Buda & de Roo, 2017; Halkier & James, 2017). EEG approaches to tourism geography emphasise that destinations are complex places with co-evolving economic, social and institutional dynamics, where paths are shaped at multiple scales (Brouder et al, 2017).
EEG emphasises the importance of path dependency and the historical economic structure of regions, and new development paths are typically understood as an outcome of diversification processes at firm level (Frenken & Boschma, 2007; Neffke et al, 2011). The notions of trigger events and transformative moments shift the focus towards path creation (Karnøe & Garud, 2012), path plasticity (Halkier and Therkelsen (2013), and mindful deviation (Isaksen, 2015). They also turn attention towards the role that local and regional actors play in responding to such events. Recently there has been a greater focus on the role of human agency, leadership and entrepreneurship in path shaping processes within EEG (e.g., Mackinnon et al, 2019a, 2019b; Smith et al 2018; Sotarauta, 2017; Grillitsch & Sotarauta, 2018). However, studies of these processes in relation to tourism destination development are relatively rare (Halkier & James, 2017; Sanz-Ibáñez & Anton Clavé, 2014). There is therefore a need to explore the conceptualisation of destination evolution in the context of different types of trigger events and transformative moments, but also to investigate agentic processes and how they relate to distinctive economic and governance contexts, as well as the way that multiscalar relations influence development paths.
We therefore invite papers that try to disentangle the factors which affect the resistance, renewal or reorientation of destination development paths in relation to trigger events and transformative moments. The aim of this special issue is to critically engage with economic geographies of tourism from an EEG perspective rather than from a purely tourism management perspective. It is therefore crucial that submissions engage explicitly with relevant literature on geographies of tourism and consider critiques of EEG, such as the relative lack of attention to a broad range of institutional actors and political economy, the theorization of power and social agency, and the co-evolution of tourism with other economic sectors (Ioannides & Brouder, 2017).
Key questions to address include:
We particularly encourage submissions that include empirical analysis as well as conceptual discussion. Possible topics include but are not limited to:
Patrick Brouder & Rikard H. Eriksson (2013) Tourism Evolution: on the synergies of tourism studies and evolutionary economic geography, Annals of Tourism Research, 43, 370-389.
Patrick Brouder (2017) Evolutionary economic geography: reflections from a sustainable tourism perspective, Tourism Geographies, 19:3, 438-447.
Patrick Brouder (2020) Reset redux: possible evolutionary pathways towards the transformation of tourism in a COVID-19 world, Tourism Geographies, 22:3, 484-490.
Chien-yu Tsao & Chin-cheng Ni (2016) Vulnerability, resilience, and the adaptive cycle in a crisis-prone tourism community, Tourism Geographies, 18:1, 80-105.
Ioanna Farsari (2021) Exploring the nexus between sustainable tourism governance, resilience and complexity research, Tourism Recreation Research, 1-16.
Koen Frenken & Ron Boschma (2007) A theoretical framework for evolutionary economic geography: industrial dynamics and urban growth as a branching process, Journal of Economic Geography, 7:5, 635-649.
Alison M. Gill & Peter W. Williams (2014) Mindful deviation in creating a governance path towards sustainability in resort destinations, Tourism Geographies, 16:4, 546–562.
Markus Grillitsch & Markku Sotarauta (2018) Regional growth paths: from structure to agency and back, Papers in Innovation Studies, 2018/01, 1-23.
Henrik Halkier & Laura James (2017) Destination dynamics, path dependency and resilience. In P. Brouder, S. Anton Clavé, A. Gill, & D. Ioannides (Eds.), Tourism Destination Evolution (pp. 19-42).. Abingdon: Routledge.
Henrik Halkier, Dieter K. Müller, Natalia A. Goncharova, Liliya Kiriyanova, Irina A. Kolupanova, Konstantin V. Yumatov,Nataliya S. Yakimova (2019) Destination development in Western Siberia: tourism governance and evolutionary economic geography. Tourism Geographies, 21:2, 261-283.
Henrik Halkier & Anette Therkelsen (2013) Exploring tourism destination path plasticity: the case of coastal tourism in North Jutland, Denmark, Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie, 57:1-2, 39-51.
Arne Isaksen (2015) Industrial development in thin regions: trapped in path extension, Journal of Economic Geography, 15:3, 585-600.
Dimitri Ioannides & Patrick Brouder (2017) Tourism and economic geography redux: evolutionary economic geography’s role in scholarship bridge construction (pp. 183-193). In P. Brouder, S. Anton Clavé, A. Gill, & D. Ioannides (Eds.), Tourism Destination Evolution. Abingdon: Routledge.
Peter Karnøe & Raghu Garud (2012). Path Creation: co-creation of heterogeneous resources in the emergence of the Danish wind turbine cluster, European Planning Studies, 20:5, 733-752.
Mulan Ma & Robert Hassink (2014) Path dependence and tourism area development: the case of Guilin, China, Tourism Geographies, 16:4, 580-597.
Danny MacKinnon, Stuart Dawley, Markus Steen, Max-Peter Menzel, Asbjørn Karlsen, Pascal Sommer, Gard H. Hansen & Hakon E. Normann (2019) Path creation, global production networks and regional development: a comparative international analysis of the offshore wind sector, Progress in Planning, 130, 1-32.
Danny MacKinnon, Stuart Dawley, Andy Pike & Andrew Cumbers (2019) Rethinking path creation: a geographical political economy approach, Economic Geography, 95:2, 113-135.
Jasper F. Meekes, Dorina M. Buda, & Gert de Roo (2017) Adaptation, interaction and urgency: a complex evolutionary economic geography approach to leisure. Tourism Geographies, 19:4, 525-547.
Frank Neffke, Martin Henning & Ron Boschma (2011) How do regions diversify over time? Industry relatedness and the development of new growth paths in regions, Economic Geography, 87:3, 237-265.
Cinta Sanz-Ibáñez & Salvador Anton Clavé (2014) The evolution of destinations: towards an evolutionary and relational economic geography approach, Tourism Geographies, 16:4, 563-579.
Cinta Sanz-Ibáñez, Julie Wilson & Salvador Anton Clavé (2017) Moments as catalysts for change in the evolutionary paths of tourism destinations. In P. Brouder, S. Anton Clavé, A. Gill, & D. Ioannides (Eds.), Tourism Destination Evolution (pp. 81-102). Abingdon: Routledge.
Helen L. Smith, Michaela Trippl, Rupert Waters & Elena Zukauskaite (2018) Policies for new path development: the case of Oxfordshire. In New Avenues for Regional Innovation Systems - Theoretical Advances, Empirical Cases and Policy Lessons (pp. 295-314). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
Markku Sotarauta (2017) An actor-centric bottom-up view of institutions: combinatorial knowledge dynamics through the eyes of institutional entrepreneurs and institutional navigators, Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 35:4, 584-599.
Special Issue Timeline:
Laura James is Associate Professor of Tourism and Regional Change at Aalborg University, Denmark. Her research interests include tourism policy and governance, and the role of tourism in regional development. She has a particular interest in cross-sectoral learning and innovation, and how these processes contribute to the co-evolution of tourism and other economic activities. She has previously published articles and book chapters on evolutionary economic geography and resilience in tourism. She is currently working on projects investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on tourism destination development, and the sustainability of cruise tourism in Arctic destinations.
Google Scholar profile: https://scholar.google.es/citations?user=a6R0D6cAAAAJ&hl=ca&oi=ao
Cinta Sanz-Ibáñez is Lecturer and Postdoctoral Researcher at Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Research Group on Territorial Analysis and Tourism studies – GRATET (Catalonia, Spain). The main interest of her research is understanding the processes and transformations underlying the evolutionary trajectory of tourism destinations, with special emphasis on the study of networks, governance, knowledge dissemination, and the effects of specific moments in time, from evolutionary economic geography perspectives. She has participated in peer-review processes of scientific papers for several conferences and international journals in the field of tourism and geography including, for instance, Tourism Geographies, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, and Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism.
Google Scholar profile: https://scholar.google.es/citations?user=Xb2pW5YAAAAJ&hl=ca&oi=ao
Henrik Halkier is Professor of Tourism and Regional Development, and Dean of the Faculty of Humanities at Aalborg University, Denmark. His research interests include tourist destination development, destination development policies, cluster development, and cross-sectoral knowledge dynamics. He is currently working on a study of food tourism and the evolution of food networks in Denmark. He was co-editor of the 2014 special issue of Tourism Geographies on evolutionary economic geography and the economies of tourism destinations. He has also edited books for Jessica Kingsley, Aalborg University Press, Ashgate, and Routledge.
Google Scholar profile: https://scholar.google.es/citations?user=n8ZMwD4AAAAJ&hl=ca